Reading involves looking at graphic symbols and formulating mentally the sounds and ideas they represent.Concepts of reading have changed__1__over the centuries.During the 1950's and 1960's especially, increased attention has been devoted to___2___the reading process.__3___specialists agree that reading__4___a complex organization of higher mental___5__, they disagree___6___the exact nature of the process.Some experts, who regard language primarily as a code using symbols to represent sounds,___7___reading as simply the decoding of symbolssintosthe sounds they stand___8___.
These authorities___9___that meaning, being concerned with thinking, must be taught independently of the decoding process.Others maintain that reading is___10___related to thinking, and that a child who pronounces sounds without___11___their meaning is not truly reading.The reader,___12___ some, is not just a person with a theoretical ability to read but one who___13___reads.
Many adults, although they have the ability to read, have never read a book in its___14___.By some expert they would not be__15__as readers.Clearly, the philosophy, objectives, methods and materials of reading will depend on the definition one use.By the most___16___and satisfactory definition, reading is the ability to___17___the sound-symbols code of the language, to interpret meaning for various___18___, at various rates, and at various levels of difficulty, and to do___19___widely and enthusiastically.___20___reading is the interpretation of ideas through the use of symbols representing sounds and ideas.
1.A.substantively B.substantially C.substitutively D.subjectivel
2.A.define and describe B.definition and description
C.defining and describing D.have defined and described
3.A.Although B.If C.Unless D.Until
4.A.involves B.involves to C.is involved D.involves of
5.A.opinions B.effects C.manners D.functions
6.A.of B.about C.for D.into
7.A.view B.look C.reassure D.agree
8.A.by B.to C.off D.for
9.A.content B.contend C.contempt D.contact
10.A.inexplicably B.inexpressibly C.inextricably D.inexpedientl
11.A.interpreting B.saying C.explaining D.reading
12.A.like B.for example C.according to D.as
13.A.sometimes B.might C.practical D.actually
14.A.entire B.entirety C.entirely D.entity
15.A.classed B.granted C.classified D.graded
16.A.inclusive B.inclinable C.conclusive D.complicated
17.A.break up B.elaborate C.define D.unlock
18.A.purposes B.degrees C.stages D.ste
19.A.such B.so as C.so D.such as
20.A.By the way B.In short C.So far D.On the other han